Part 1: May 12, 1972—A New Chapter is Opened
On a beautiful spring day in May—40 years ago this past weekend—FBI Acting Director L. Patrick Gray announced that “women applicants will now be considered for the FBI special agent position.” He noted that all other…
“…existing requirements for the special agent position will remain unchanged…
the intensive 14-week special agent training course would remain unchanged
[including] the use of .38 caliber revolver, shotgun and rifle and a
comprehensive physical fitness program.”
The FBI had long held that women couldn’t handle the physical rigors of the special agent position, which includes making arrests, taking part in raids, and engaging in self-defense. In those days, the Bureau operated under certain exemptions to federal regulations concerning equal employment. But times were changing—women were taking on more and more demanding positions, physically and otherwise.
With Hoover’s death on May 2, there was an opportunity to put into place changes that had been brewing for some time. So with the stroke of a pen, L. Patrick Gray opened a new chapter in FBI history.
40 Years of Firsts
On July 17, 1972, Joanne Pierce (Misko) and Susan Roley (Malone) were sworn in as FBI special agents and began that arduous training outlined in Gray’s press release, graduating in October. By the end of that year, 11 women would be sworn in.
In 1978, Special Agent Christine Karpoch (Jung) would become the first female firearms instructor—and she would shoot the coveted “possible,” a perfect score on the FBI’s Practical Pistol Range.
In 1985, Robin Ahrens became, tragically, the first female agent killed in the line of duty.
In 1990, Special Agents Susan Sprengel and Helen Bachor were sent to London and Montevideo, Uruguay to serve as the FBI’s first female assistant legal attachés.
In 1992, Special Agent Julianne Slifco became our first woman legal attaché, heading our overseas office in Vienna. And Birdie Pasenelli became our first female special agent in charge, overseeing the Anchorage Field Office. She later became the first woman assistant director at Headquarters, in charge of the Finance Division.
In 2001, Special Agent Kathleen McChesney became the first woman to attain the rank of executive assistant director, further chipping away at the glass ceiling.
Today, we have 2,675 women special agents, serving on and leading counterterrorism squads, cyber squads, counterintelligence squads, and criminal squads. They head field offices, including the largest in the Bureau—New York. They work as firearm instructors and in all other specialty fields. They lead Headquarters divisions and overseas offices. They are superb agents who just happen to be women.
Wait a minute—weren’t there women agents in the 1920s?
Yes! When J. Edgar Hoover took over the Bureau in 1924, he inherited two female agents: Jessie B. Duckstein and Alaska P. Davidson, who both resigned within a few months as part of the Bureau’s reduction of force. But on November 6, 1924, Hoover himself changed the employment status of Lenore Houston from “special employee” in the New York office to “special agent.” She served in two other offices before resigning at the end of 1928. The next women agents weren’t hired until 1972.
Stay tuned for spotlights on our women special agents in the days and months ahead, commemorating 40 years of service and excellence.